סקר
כמה זמן אתה כבר גולש בפורטל הדף היומי






 

Steinsaltz

MISHNAH: One does not appoint less than seven overseers56In the Temple. The etymology of the word seems to be אָמַר-כֹל “he commands everything.” and three treasurers57In the Temple., and one does not appoint less than two persons to an executive office spending money58This includes treasurers of public funds outside the Temple., except Ben Aḥiyyah for indigestion and Eleazar for the gobelins, for these the public accepted59The Temple had to pay for Ben Aḥiyya’s prescriptions and Eleazar’s assignments for work delivered on their signature alone, without co-signer..

HALAKHAH: “One does not appoint less than three treasurers and seven overseers.” It was stated: And two καθολικοί60In imitation of the financial administration of the Roman Empire which at the Emperor’s court was directed by the katholikoi.. That is what is written612Chr. 31:13, misquoted (but less badly than in B.) Description of Ezekias’s Temple organization., and Yeḥiel, and Uzziahu, and Maḥat, treasurers; and Asael, and Yerimot, and Yozavad, and Eliel, and Samkhiahu, and Maḥat, and Conaiahu, overseers, officers supervised by Konaniahu and his brother Simei, katholikoi; appointed by King Yeḥizkiahu and Azariahu the governor of God’s House, King and High Priest.

When he seals62Money bags., the treasurer seals and gives it to the overseer. The overseer seals and gives it to the katholikos. The katholikos seals and gives it to the High Priest. The High Priest seals and gives it to the King. And if the break the seals, the King sees his seal and breaks it62aIn all cases, B reads “recognizes” instead of “breaks”.. The High Priest sees his seal and breaks it. The katholikos sees his seal and breaks it. The overseer sees his seal and breaks it. The treasurer sees his seal and breaks it.

“One does not appoint less than two persons to an executive office spending money.” Rebbi Naḥman in the name of Rebbi Mana: Following63Ex. 28:5. they should take64Formulated in the plural; one never lets public property be used by a single person. Babli Bava Batra8b. the gold, and the blue wool, and the purple wool.

65Babli Nedarim38a, Tanḥuma Eqev(9), Ex. rabba46(2). Rebbi Ḥama ben Rebbi Ḥanina said, Moses got rich from the refuse of the tablets. That is what is written66Ex. 34:1., cut for yourself two stone tablets. Cut for yourself667, the refuse shall be yours. Rebbi Ḥanin said, The Holy One, praise to Him, created68B: uncovered. a quarry of precious stones and pearls in his tent, and from this Moses got rich.

69Tanḥuma Ki Tissa26, Babli Qiddušin33b. A slightly differently arranged text is Bikkurim3:3. This text shows that the corrector’s addition [in brackets] is from B; it is missing in the Yerushalmi sources and M. It is written70Ex. 33:8., they looked after Moses until he reached the Tent. Two Amoraim, one says for shame, the other one says for praise. He who says for shame, “look at the thigh, look at the feet, look at his flesh. He eats from the Jews, and drinks from the Jews, everything he has is from the Jews.” He who says for praise, to see the just ones is meritorious [great for one who was worthy to see him.]

MISHNAH: Four stamps71As explained in the next Mishnah, with these tickets one bought the prescribed amounts of flour, oil, and wine, prescribed for each kind of sacrifice (Num. 15:1–16.) were in the Temple; on them was written calf, ram, lamb, sinner. Ben Azzai says, there were five, and Aramaic was written on them, calf, ram, lamb, poor sinner, rich sinner. “Calf” serves for the libations of cattle, large or small, male or female723/10 of an ephah of flour, half a hin olive oil and half a hin wine. An ephah is 3 seah; in the Roman system (Mishnah Kelim17:11) a cadus of about 38 l. A hin is half a seah; half a hin is a Roman congius of about 3.2 l. The basic fluid measure is the log(sextarius) of about .53 l; half a hin are 6 log.. “Lamb” serves for the libations of sheep and goats, large or small, male or female731/10 ephah of flour, 1/4 hin(3 log) each of oil and wine., except for rams. “Ram” only serves for the libations with a ram742/10 ephah of flour, 1/3 hin(4 log) each of oil and wine. A ram is a male sheep older than 13 months (Mishnah Parah1:3). “Sinner” serves for the three animals of the sufferer from skin disease75The rich healed sufferer from skin disease had to bring 3 sheep and an extra log of oil, in total 3/10 of an ephah of flour, 10 log of oil, and 9 log of wine. As explained in the Halakhah, the anonymous majority holds that the poor healed sufferer from skin disease, who had to bring only one sheep, buys the ticket for the sheep and brings the extra log of oil with him. Since skin disease led to social ostracism, it is not mentioned on the ticket..
If somebody needs libations he goes to Joḥanan who is overseeing the stamps, gives him the money, and receives a ticket from him. He goes to Aḥiyya who is overseeing the libations, gives him the ticket, and receives the libations from him. In the evening they84Joḥanan and Aḥiyya. come together, Aḥiyya produces the tickets and receives money correspondingly85Since he not only handed out the materials but also bought them for the Temple from wholesalers.. If there was a deficit, it is his86Joḥanan’s. deficit and Joḥanan has to pay from his own. But if there was excess87If more money was taken in than the value of the libations handed out. it belongs to the Temple since the hand of the Temple is privileged.
If somebody lost his ticket, one lets him wait until the evening. If they find for him corresponding to his ticket one gives to him; otherwise one does not give to him.88If a person notified the authorities that he had lost his ticket and the daily accounting at the end of the day showed that libations in the value of what he claimed was his ticket remains after the other claims had been paid, the difference is not declared as excess but is used to provide him with his libations. Otherwise he has lost his money. The date was written on it because of the tricksters89The ticket was valid only one day so nobody could claim that he had lost his ticket, and if he was lucky got his libations without paying, and then presented the ticket on another day..

HALAKHAH: And following Ben Azzai, why the [poor]76Corrector’s addition from B. sinner? He brought his log with him, and following the rabbis he brings a lamb77As explained in Note 75.. What are the libations for a mother sheep78Since there is a difference between the libations needed for a young male sheep and those for an adult male, why does one not make the same distinction for females?? Since we stated, “ ‘lamb’ serves for the libations of sheep and goats, large or small, male or female,” this implies that the libations of a mother sheep are like the libations of a lamb. It is written79Num. 15:11., so you shall do for one bull, or for one ram, or an animal from sheep or goats.80Sifry Num.107. This tells that He did not differentiate between libations for a calf and libations for a bull. Since one could argue, an animal from the flock needs libations, a bovine animal needs libations. Since we find that He distinguished between the libations for a sheep and the libations for a ram, so we should differentiate between libations for a calf and libations for a bull. The verse says, so you shall do for one bull; this implies that He did not distinguish between libations for a calf and libations for a bull. Why was it said, or for a ram? Since one could argue, if we find that He differentiated between libations for a yearling and libations for a two-year old, so we should differentiate between libations for a two-years old and a three-years old. The verse says, or for one ram. Why was it said, or for an animal from sheep? Since one could argue, if we find that He differentiated between libations for a sheep and libations for a ram, so we should differentiate between libations for a young female sheep and libations for a mother sheep. The verse says, or for an animal from sheep. Why was it said, or a goat? Since one could argue, if we find that He differentiated between libations for a sheep and libations for a ram, so we should differentiate between libations for a kid goat and libations for a bellwether. The verse says, or for a goat, it compared the smallest kid goat to the largest bellwether81The distinction by age applicable to sheep is not applicable to goats.. Since one needs three log, so the other needs three log.

Think of it, if he matched it90Writing the day of the week on the ticket will not defeat the trickster who will wait just one week to cash in on his ticket. with that day! The name of the watch91The name of the one of 24 priestly watches which serves in the week of this particular sacrifice. was written on it. Think of it, if he matched the watch92The ticket will be valid again in another 24 weeks.. The name of the day, the week93The week is named after the portion to be read from the Torah on the following Sabbath., and the month was written on them; then it is impossible to match94Since the length of the lunar/solar year varies between 50 and 55 weeks, even with a computed calendar it will take very many years before the same watch will officiate again in the same week, and without a computed one it is totally impossible to predict the recurrence of this match..

Talmud - Bavli - The William Davidson digital edition of the Koren No=C3=A9 Talmud
with commentary by Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz Even-Israel (CC-BY-NC 4.0)
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